Workers Compensation Different State by State Basis, Workers Compensation Different State, State by State Basis


 Workers compensation in different states

Workers’ Compensation insurance is usually regulated on a State-by-State basis, and so there can be significant differences in the manner in which employers deal with their Workers’ Compensation coverage in different states and key differences in how premiums are determined. Belew Step By Step Details about Workers compensation different states.

Some small business owners would be wrong to think workers’ compensation insurance isn’t needed. Workers’ Comp requirement varies by state, industry, and the size and structure of the business and payroll. Businesses that do not to carry compulsory workers’ compensation insurance can face severe penalties, criminal charges or even a heavy lawsuit.

To be pragmatic, it is recommended that employers corroborate with appropriate insurance regulators on any information regarding to Workers’ Compensation insurance premium calculation and coverage.

Some State uses Workers Compensation rating bureau called National Council on Compensation Insurance, or NCCI while some have their own independent rating bureaus.

Workers Compensation state by state information Below are workers’ compensation requirements for some States

Worker Compensation State by State Basis

New York

New York is a non-NCCI state thus uses an independent rating bureau for Workers’ Compensation insurance which develops its own manuals and computes experience modification factors for employers in those states. As a result of this, employers in New York lack certain important regulatory protections regarding Workers’ Compensation insurance premiums that employers in other states enjoy under National Council on Compensation Insurance (NCCI) regulations or specific state rule.

New York Workers Compensation requires you to obtain a separate protection for workers’ disability from non-work related exposures, to guard workers from income loss due to such a disability, just like the standard Workers Compensation coverage helps to protect those workers from work-related disability.

Every employer is required to offer workers’ compensation insurance for every employee (in addition family members, part-time and full-time workers, and contract employees).

New Jersey

New Jersey also is a non-NCCI state and uses the New Jersey Compensation Rating & Inspection Bureau, NJCRIB which develops its own manuals and rules regarding classification and experience modifiers

Business with one or more employees, and any employer not covered by federal must carry workers’ compensation coverage. Out-of-state employers may need coverage if they enter an agreement of employment in New Jersey or if any work is done in New Jersey.


Florida is an NCCI state. In Florida, non-construction employers are required obtain valid Workers Compensation coverage when they have four or more full or part-time employees.

Employers in construction work must obtain Workers Compensation coverage as soon as they have one or more part-time or full time employees.

Sub-contractors are required to provide coverage for their workers, but primary contractors should ensure that the sub-contractor provides it. Employers Out-of-state must notify their agency that they ensure employees working in Florida, hold a Florida workers’ compensation policy, or have the out-of-state plan include Florida.


California is not an NCCI state. California one of the biggest single state market for Workers Compensation insurance, has its own separate ranking bureau called the Workers Compensation Insurance Rating Bureau of California ( WCIRB).

Employers with just one employee, including directors and corporate officers, must carry Workers Compensation coverage. An out-of-state employer may need workers’ compensation coverage for any employees working in California, or if one enters into a contract of employment.

Corporate officers and directors must be included in workers’ compensation coverage, unless the corporation is fully owned by the d officers and directors. Directors and officers can choose to be excluded from the coverage If the corporation is fully own them. Sole proprietors without employees can opt out of coverage.

Sole proprietors without workers can opt out of coverage.


Workers’ compensation insurance can only be obtained in Ohio through the state-administered fund. Private insurance and self-insurance are not allowed.

Recently, Ohio state fund has just moved to using the NCCI classification system for work exposures

Every employer with one or more workers must carry workers’ compensation insurance.

Coverage is optional for single business owners, partners, family farm corporate officers, an LLC acting as sole proprietor, LLCs acting as partnerships,  and individuals corporation (without employees).


 All business employers are required to carry workers’ compensation coverage for employees. Corporate officers, directors, and LLC members are considered employees. To exclude themselves from the required coverage, they must do so via an insurance company.

Partners, sole proprietors, and LLCs are not required to have coverage but might want to be covered. Primary contractors must make ensure their subcontractors (including partners, sole proprietors, and corporate officers) carry workers’ compensation coverage. Businesses excluded from the required coverage include casual or domestic workers, employers of agricultural laborers, and real estate agents.


All employer in the coal mining or construction business or trades (regardless of the number of workers, including subcontractors), and all employer with more than five employees must carry workers’ compensation coverage.

Part-time employees and family members are included when determining the number of employees. Directors and corporate officers are also included in the number (even if excluded from coverage). LLC members, sole proprietors, and partners are excluded but may choose to be included.

Workers’ Compensation Laws on States in General

Each state in the United States has its workers’ compensation laws, the circumstances under which the coverage is available to workers and the total benefits an injured worker may receive vary by state.

The workers’ compensation plan is administered on a state-by-state basis, with a state governing board managing various public/private combinations of workers’ compensation coverage. The names of the governing boards vary from state to state. The state entity in charge of giving the workers’ compensation plan in North Carolina is referred to as the North Carolina Industrial Commission.

Workers’ compensation is solely provided by private insurance firms in a majority of states. Twelve states run state funds and a number of states have state-owned insurance providers.

Scarce report of injuries is a major concern in the workers’ compensation system.[45] Workers, out of fear from their employers, may avoid reporting accidental injuries sustained on the job and rather seek treatment privately, sponsoring the cost themselves or passing these costs to their health insurance company.

In every state except Georgia and Mississippi, it is unlawful for an employer to terminate or refuse to hire a worker for having reported a workplace injury or lodging in a workers’ compensation claim.

However, it is often challenging to prove discrimination based on the employee’s claims. To control discrimination of this type, some states have developed a “subsequent injury trust fund” that will compensate insurance providers for benefits paid to workers who suffer aggravation or recurrence of the injury. It is also recommended that laws should be made to stop inclusion of claims record in databases or even to make it anonymous.

Workers’ compensation laws generally make the employer completely immune from any liability in excess of the amount provided by the workers’ compensation statutory system, although there are exceptions.

In a few states, like New Jersey, an employer can be held responsible for larger amounts if the employee shows the employer deliberately caused the damage, while in some other states, like Pennsylvania, the employer is immune in all conditions, but other entities involved in triggering the injury, like product manufacturers or subcontractors, may still be held responsible.


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